Solar Influences on Weather and Climate

Variation of the solar plasma and magnetic field

  • NAO (M.Visbeck)
Figure 1 shows the relation between the solar wind, geomagnetic activity and NAO, which is defined as the normalized sea-level difference between Iceland and Azores Figure 2 shows a cross coherence spectrum of a time series of solar magnetic mean fiield (WSO) and of NAO. The lowest white line shows about two years periodicity.
Publications and Books
  • Lundstedt, H., Wintoft, P., Boberg, F., Liszka, L. and R. Lundin, Space Weather and the North Atlantic Oscillation, abstract for ESA Space Weather Workshop: Developing a European Space Weather Service Network, 3-5 November 2003, ESTEC, Noorwijk, 2003.
  • Boberg, F. and H. Lundstedt, Solar wind electric field modulation of the NAO: A correlation analysis in the lower atmosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, (15), 8-1--8-4, 2003.
  • Boberg, F. and H.Lundstedt, Solar wind variation related to fluctuations of the North Atlantic Oscillation, Geophys. Res.Lett, 29, (15), 13.1-13.4, 2002.
  • Lundstedt, H., Influence of Interplanetary Interaction Regions on Geomagnetic Disturbances and Tropospheric Circulation, H. Lundstedt, Planet. Space Sci., Vol.32, No.12, 1984.
  • Hurrell, J.W., Kushnir, Y., Ottersen, G., and M. Visbeck, editors, The North Atlantic Oscillation - Climatic Significance and Environmental Impact, AGU Geophysical Monograph 134, 2003.

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