One of the outcomes of the workshop AI Applications in Solar-Terrestrial Physics held in Lund 1993, was the need for building bridges between symbolic (expert/fuzzy) systems and connectionism systems (ANN) i.e. to build so called intelligent hybrid systems. A second workshop on AI Applications in Solar-Terrestrial Physics was held July 29-31, 1997 in Lund.
Within the ESA Space Weather Programme Study a forecast service prototype of space weather and effects has been developed, based on Knowledge-Based Neurocomputing. The prototype is based on ideas from the Lund Space Weather Model.