AI can be coded in many different ways, resulting in various methods such as expert/inductive systems, fuzzy systems, genetic algorithms, chaotic systems, artificial life, artificial neural networks (ANN), and various combinations of these systems.

One of the outcomes of the workshop AI Applications in Solar-Terrestrial Physics held in Lund 1993, was the need for building bridges between symbolic (expert/fuzzy) systems and connectionism systems (ANN) i.e. to build so called intelligent hybrid systems. A second workshop on AI Applications in Solar-Terrestrial Physics was held July 29-31, 1997 in Lund.

Within the ESA Space Weather Programme Study a forecast service prototype of space weather and effects has been developed, based on Knowledge-Based Neurocomputing. The prototype is based on ideas from the Lund Space Weather Model.