Space Weather Euro News Vol. 7 Issue 12 (23-9-2003)

Table of Contents:

  1. ESA Space Weather Applications Pilot Project: Coordination and Software Infrastructure Development ITT now open.
  2. ESA Space Weather Workshop: 3-5 November. Second Announcement and Abstract Deadline Reminder
  3. The First International Symposium on SPACE CLIMATE: Direct and Indirect Observations of Long-Term Solar Activity Oulu, Finland, 20 to 23 June, 2004
  4. OMNI 2 Data Set Now Available from NSSDC
  5. Copenhagen Global Change Initiative (COGCI) Ph.D Project. Dynamic coupling of the upper to the lower atmosphere
  6. Some Tender Actions from ESA EMITS



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1. A Space Weather Applications Pilot Project: Coordination and
Software Infrastructure Development ITT now open.
From: Alexi Glover

The ITT dealing with coordination and software infrastructure aspects of
the ESA space weather applications pilot project is now open.

The closing date for submissions is 10th November 2003.

Project Synopsis:

This contract will form part of the space weather applications pilot project.
The pilot project seeks to extend the results of two parallel space weather
programme feasibility studies completed in 2001 and further develop the
community of informed space weather service users in Europe. The purpose
of the pilot project is to provide clear evidence for quantifiable benefits
of a space weather applications programme. This will be done through outreach
activities, collaboration and the development of a network of targeted space
weather services see:


known as service development activities - SDA's.

Each SDA is required to demonstrate strong participation with at least one
service user, and at least a part of this service will be made publicly
available. All SDA's will provide data to an analysis of benefits. Contracts
for SDA's kicked off 1 April 2003. The aim of this action is to provide the
network infrastructure that will support the common development of these
individual activities. This activity will provide support to the SDA
activities, linking the individual activities to form a coordinated network
of European space weather services. The network will have the following main

- federate existing and newly created space weather service activities;
- assist in the development of a common network and develop the associated
software infrastructure
- provide support to the SDA activities and enable common development
- undertake public outreach activities promoting the pilot project outside
the existing space weather applications community
- assess user requirements for future development and identify technology
requirements, particularly in terms of space-based measurements.

This contract will provide support to the SDAs for their 2-year duration.
The contractor will be responsible for ensuring that there is sufficient data
flow between the SDAs and a TBD contractor who will independently assess
benefits resulting from these current and future activities.

Further details can be obtained via the ESA EMITS system:


2. ESA Space Weather Workshop: 3-5 November. Second Announcement and
Abstract Deadline Reminder

From: Alexi Glover

Please note that the abstract deadline for the ESA Space Weather
Workshop was 15th September 2003. If you plan to submit and abstract
and have not yet done so, please send this via email to Alexi Glover
as soon as possible.


Workshop Announcement:

The development of coordinated space weather applications requires the
establishment of new kinds of partnerships in R&D between scientists,
developers, service providers, service users and funding agencies in
order to coordinate activities that traditionally fall within separate

To this end ESA has recently embarked upon a 2 year pilot project of
space weather service development. The objective of the Pilot Project
for Space Weather Applications is to develop and extend the space
weather service user community through development of targeted
services, provided by a network of service providers supported by a
common infrastructure and using data from existing sources. Through
this service and community development a clear long term view of the
potential for space weather applications shall be established together
with clear understanding of the associated economic and social benefits
and the long term relevance of these space weather services.

This workshop will bring together all participants from a wide variety
of domains, relevant to the SWENET (Space Weather European NETwork)
service development network. It will also focus on the relationship
with space weather science initiatives.

The workshop is timed to coincide with completion of the user
requirements phase of the individual service development activities
and, as such, it is anticipated that this will form a major topic of

Although those activities that are already members of the SWENET
network are expected to present their activities, participation is
not restricted to these groups and presentations of other new and
novel space weather services are welcome.

Discussion will also take place of the support requirements for
each service development activity and the ways in which the SWENET
network will function over the next year in order to best support
the development of these services.

The abstract submission deadline is the 15th September. Abstracts should
be sent via email to Alexi Glover (

For more information including instructions for registration see
the workshop website:


3. The First International Symposium on SPACE CLIMATE: Direct and
Indirect Observations of Long-Term Solar Activity, Oulu, Finland,
20 to 23 June, 2004

From: Kalevi Mursula

Dear Colleagues

The First International Symposium on SPACE CLIMATE: Direct and
Indirect Observations of Long-Term Solar Activity will be held in
Oulu, Finland, on June 20-23, 2004 (at the Summer Solstice, only 200
km from the Artic Circle).

The Symposium aims to cover a wide range of topics nowadays covered
under the apt nickname of Space Climate, i.e., the long-term change
in the Sun, heliosphere and near-Earth space. The topics of the
Symposium include, e.g.,

Long-term cyclicities in solar activity
Extremes in solar activity: Great minima and active times
Problems in solar cycle evolution (E.g., Lost cycle in Dalton minimum?)
Long-term stellar magnetic cycles
Long-term behaviour of solar rotation
Long-term helioseismic observations
Different modes of stellar dynamos
Long-term changes in the heliosphere
Cosmogenic isotopes as long-term solar proxies
Long-term cosmic ray variations
Long-term geomagnetic and auroral activity
Long-term changes in spatial distribution of solar activity: N-S
asymmetry, active longitudes, butterfly diagram etc.

Scientific Organizing Committee (partly to be confirmed): J. Beer, E.
Cliver, A. Ferriz-Mas, D. Hoyt, V. Makarov, R. Marsden, H. Moraal, K.
Mursula, H. Nevanlinna, J.-P. Rozelot, M. Shea, S. Solanki, I.
Tuominen, I. Usoskin

The Symposium aims to discuss the above and related topics in an
inspiring and informal atmosphere of the Northern Finland during the
time of continuous lightness. The program will consist of a number of
invited talks, short presentations by everyone interested with time
reserved for discussions.
We aim to have a selection of contributions to be published in a
refereed forum.

Further information can be found at the web-site:
This web page will be updated with more details as the Symposium
draws closer. You will also find information here on the venue of the
meeting, the weather and sights that you can expect.

We also note that this Symposium is planned to be just after the IAU
Symposium "Multi-Wavelength Investigations of Solar Activity" in St.
Petersburg, Russia, in 14-19 June 2004. This will significantly
reduce the total travel costs of those who would like to go to both
meetings. They can, e.g, fly to Helsinki, and take the trips from
there very conveniently first to StPb and then to Oulu either by
plane, train, bus or even boat (to StPb only).

You can send your message of interest and/or potential participation to or use web registration (after it will be available in a near
future), or contact one of us directly.

Yours sincerely

Kalevi Mursula
Ilya Usoskin

4. OMNI 2 Data Set Now Available from NSSDC

From: Joseph H. King and N. Papitashvili (NASA/NSSDC and QSS Group, Inc.)

The OMNI data set, first created by NSSDC in the mid-1970's, is now
superseded by the OMNI 2 data set. OMNI 2 is accessible at It is a multi-source, hourly
resolution data set containing "near Earth" solar wind magnetic field
and plasma data, IMP 7&8 energetic proton flux data and solar and
geomagnetic activity indices. OMNI 2 now spans November 1963 to May

New parameters in OMNI 2 are plasma alpha particle to proton ratios,
definitive AE indices, and computed values of flow pressure, Ey, Alfven
Mach number and plasma beta.

A new normalization of proton densities and temperatures for 1971-2003,
using Wind/SWE parameters as the fiducial data set, has been effected.
OMNI 2 yields flow pressures ~20% less than the original OMNI data set
in which LANL IMP 7 was somewhat arbitrarily taken to be the fiducial
data set.

The almost-complete IMP 8 bow shock data base (cf.
was used to eliminate some magnetosheath-contaminated IMP 8 field and
plasma data included in OMNI, and to add IMP 8 data not previously
included in OMNI for hours when IMP 8 is now believed to be in the
solar wind.

Additional changes in OMNI 2, relative to OMNI, are that (1) ISEE 3,
Wind and ACE fine scale data were time-shifted to Earth assuming
planar solar wind variation phase fronts normal to the ecliptic and
oriented midway between being normal to the Sun-Earth line and being
aligned with the ideal Parker IMF spiral angle (OMNI assumed spiral
angle alignment) and (2) more continuous data sources (Wind, ACE,
ISEE 3) were selected in preference to gappier but closer-to-Earth
sources (IMP) when both were available for a given hour (OMNI did
the opposite).

The OMNIWeb interface at
has been updated to accommodate the expanded OMNI 2 data records. In
addition to the long-available abilities to list or generate time-
series plots of any subset of parameters (without filtering) and to
generate scatter plots or listings of parameter pairs with filtering, a
new option has been added to generate listings of any parameter subset
with filtering on any (same or different) parameter subset.

There is an extensive writeup on the creation of OMNI 2 at
This writeup expands on the points above and gives results of the
extensive cross-comparisons of IMP, ISEE, Wind and ACE plasma and
field data sets input to OMNI.

In the process of creating OMNI 2, several data sets were created
having concurrent data from multiple sources. For example, one 1994-
2001 data set has hourly values of plasma parameters from ACE, from
Wind/SWE (one parameter set based on taking moments and another
based on nonlinear biMaxwellian fits) and from IMP 8 (from both LANL
and MIT). A series of tools for displaying scatter plots and
overlapping time series and for computing linear regressions was
created and extensively used in developing OMNI 2. These tools and
multi-source data sets are available from

The authors appreciate the efforts and cooperation of the MIT and
LANL plasma teams, of the GSFC and Bartol magnetometer teams
and of the ACE Science Center in assuring the quality of the plasma
and IMF data in OMNI 2.

5. Copenhagen Global Change Initiative (COGCI) Ph.D Project. Dynamic
coupling of the upper to the lower atmosphere

From: Peter Thejll

A new Ph.D. stipend is available in the area of coupling of the upper
to the lower atmosphere. The research will be carried out at the Danish
Meteorological Institute (DMI) and at the Department of Geophysics,
University of Copenhagen. The Danish Research Training Council (FUR)
supports this project.

Disturbances in the upper stratosphere, mesosphere, and thermosphere
are induced on many timescales by solar irradiance and coupling to the
magnetosphere above. The project will investigate how deep into the
atmosphere these disturbances penetrate and if effects can be felt
in the lower atmosphere, including the troposphere. Current climate
models have an upper boundary condition near the mesosphere that does
not take into account the variations in the upper layers. The project
will involve understanding of thermospheric physics, data-analysis and
atmospheric models of different complexity.

The COGCI PhD School ( at the University of Copenhagen and
the DMI co-arrange the project, with formal responsibility at the
University. The research will be conducted at DMI in Copenhagen, in the
Sun-Climate group of the Climate Division. The successful applicant will
be employed at DMI. Salary for the position is in accordance with Danish
rules, as is the conditions for the PhD study, which include teaching

A committee will evaluate the applicants. According to the rules applicants
will only see their own evaluation and not the names nor the evaluations of
other applicants. The general application form must be used, and the general
rules can also be found at The conditions of funding are
such that only EU citizens not from Denmark or the UK can apply for the

The form can also be obtained from the Faculty of Science, Øster Voldgade 3,
1350 Copenhagen K., phone +45 35 32 42 10. The application including
attachments must be at the COGCI secretariat, Faculty of Science, Øster
Voldgade 3, DK-1350 Copenhagen K no later than October1st 2003. Please
mark your application "COGCI/ATMOSPHERE". You must have obtained your final
MSc marks no later than October 15th 2003. Interested candidates may contact
Bo Christiansen or Peter Thejll, or Aksel Walløe Hansen at the Department of Geophysics, University of

6. Some ESA Tender Actions from ESA EMITS

(From 15/09/2003 to 10/11/2003, Act.Ref.: 03.1EM.15)

(From 04/07/2003 to 26/09/2003, Act.Ref.: 01.1EM.13)

(From 02/07/2003 to 15/09/2003, Act.Ref.: 03.166.01)

(From 17/07/2003 to 28/08/2003, Act.Ref.: 01.1ES.16)

(From 23/07/2003 to 01/10/2003, Act.Ref.: 02.1EE.07)

(From 09/09/2003 to 21/10/2003, Act.Ref.: 03.1AE.07)

(From 11/07/2003 to 05/09/2003, Act.Ref.: 03.1AE.05)

(From 18/08/2003 to 03/10/2003, Act.Ref.: 03.1AE.06)


For a complete list of ESA Tender Actions, see:


Note: This newsletter is an initiative of the ESA Space Environments and Effects Analysis Section
and is a prototype mailing list intended to provide a forum for information posting news of interest
to the Space Weather community in Europe.

- SWEN contact group (keeping SWEN informed of news from other channels) is currently:

Eamonn Daly, ESA (excluding science programme)
Richard Marsden, ESA science programme
Maurizio Candidi, CNR
Paul Cannon, URSI-Commission G
Mike Hapgood, EGS
Hannu Koskinen, SCOSTEP working group on Space weather
Pierre Lantos, Observatory of Paris Meudon
Henrik Lundstedt, Lund space weather center
Goetz Paschmann, ISSI
Jean-Yves Prado, CNES Programme Directorate
Michael Rycroft, ISU
Volker Bothmer, EGS-Solar Physics Secretary
Wolfgang Baumjohann, IWF Graz, Austria
Jinbin Cao, Chinese Space Weather Activity Representative
Barbara Poppe, NOAA Space Environment Centre
W. William Liu, Space Science Program, Canadian Space Agency

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Alain Hilgers