Space Weather Euro News Vol.7 Issue 4 (28-02-2003)

Table of Contents: 
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1. ESA chairs the International Living With a Star programme
2. AGU to Launch New Space Weather Journal
3. Space Weather at UK National Astronomy Meeting (NAM), Dublin
4. Space Weather Week 2003 - Second Announcement  (Conference scheduled 
   for May 19-22, 2003)
5. Second Circular for the Chapman Conference Physics and Modelling of the Inner 
    Magnetosphere, Finland, August 25-29, 2003
6. ESA ITT:  Radiation Exposure and Mission Strategies for Interplanetary Manned 
    Missions
7. Post Doc Position: Particle-in-Cell Simulation of Sprite Ignition at Danish Space 
    Research Institute
8. Some ESA Tender Actions from ESA EMITS
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                                          #swen@esa.int

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1.  ESA chairs the International Living With a Star programme 
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From: ESA Media Relations 

Paris, 20 February 2003
Press Release
N° 10-2003

ESA chairs the International Living With a Star programme 

ESA is providing the first chairman for the International Living With A Star (ILWS) 
programme. ILWS is an unprecedented initiative in which space agencies worldwide 
are getting together to investigate how variations in the Sun affect the environment of 
Earth and the other planets, in the short and long term.  In particular, ILWS will 
concentrate on those aspects of the Sun-Earth system that may affect mankind and 
society.  It is a major collaborative initiative between Europe, the United States, Russia, 
Japan, and Canada.

The Sun is a variable star.  The amount of radiation it releases changes constantly,
especially at wavelengths that we cannot see, such as ultraviolet.  It also releases a 
stormy 'wind' of particles known as the solar wind that buffets the Earth's magnetic field. 
Sudden changes in the solar wind can disable communications satellites, disrupt power
stations on Earth, and affect passengers in high-flying aircraft. Slow variation in the solar
output and even in the solar wind could contribute to climatic changes.  Knowing more 
about these phenomena is therefore very important in different and sometimes unexpected 
ways.

There will be various ILWS mission launches over an approximately ten-year period, 
starting in 2003.  Pooling the resources of the largest fleet of spacecraft in history, the 
ILWS programme will provide a first global view of the Sun-Earth interaction and lead 
to a real understanding of it. It will look at the Sun's effects on other planets also.

ESA's missions form a vital part of ILWS.  SOHO and Cluster are leading the way. 
In 2003, in collaboration with China, a space mission called Double Star will be 
launched to complement Cluster. In a decade's time, ESA's Solar Orbiter will be the 
centre of interest. It will go closer to the Sun than any solar mission ever before.  In 
between, ESA will assist in exploiting other agency's missions to the full; it is also currently 
negotiating to provide ground stations for Japan's Solar-B mission (launch 2005), and is 
considering the part it may play in NASA's STEREO (launch 2005) and Solar Dynamics 
Orbiter (launch 2007) missions.

In addition, ESA's missions to the other terrestrial planets, Mars Express (launching 2003), 
Venus Express (launching 2005), and the mission to Mercury, 
BepiColombo (launching 2011/2012), will carry experiments that look at solar-wind
interactions with their respective planets.

Hermann Opgenoorth, ESA's newly appointed Head of Solar and Solar-Terrestrial 
Missions, is chairing the ILWS steering committee for the first two years. "There is a
clear need to study the Sun and its interaction with the Earth" he says, " and it is too
big a job for a single space agency to cope with."

Notes to editors 

The new International Living With a Star (ILWS) programme builds upon a previous
international framework between Europe, Japan, Russia (formerly the Soviet Union),
and the United States to study the Sun and its effects on Earth.  That framework was 
the International Solar Terrestrial Physics (ISTP) programme.  The SOHO and Cluster 
missions were part of ESA's contribution. For ILWS, the Canadian Space Agency has
joined the collaboration.

A 'kick-off' meeting between the space agencies involved in ILWS was held on 
4-6 September 2002 in Washington DC, United States. An international steering 
committee of representatives from those agencies will now supervise the programme. 
The committee comprises five space agencies: the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration (NASA), the European Space Agency (ESA), Japan's Institute for 
Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS), the Russian Aviation and Space Agency 
(Rosaviacosmos), and the Canadian Space Agency (CSA).

There will be an ILWS Working Group to coordinate special projects. More than 20 
space agencies have announced their participation in the first Working Group meeting, 
scheduled to take place in Nice, France, on 14 -15 April 2003. Contributions from the 
various space agencies include missions, payloads, subsystems, launch or tracking services, 
rockets, balloons, and open access to data sources.

For more information please contact:

ESA Communication Department
Media Relations Office
Paris, France
Tel: +33(0)15369 7155
Fax: +33(0)1 5369 7690

Dr Hermann Opgenoorth, ESA Head of Solar and Solar-Terrestrial Missions,
Chairman ILWS Steering Committee
Tel: +46.18.471.5912

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2. AGU to Launch New Space Weather Journal
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From: Steve Cole 

The American Geophysical Union will soon launch the first journal devoted to the 
emerging field of space weather and its impact on technical systems, including 
telecommunications, electric power, and satellite navigation. Space Weather: The 
International Journal of Research and Applications will present peer-reviewed research, 
as well as news, features, and opinion articles.

Louis J. Lanzerotti has been named Editor of Space Weather. Lanzerotti is consulting 
physicist at Lucent Technologies' Bell Laboratories and distinguished research professor 
at the New Jersey Institute of Technology. "The initiation of Space Weather recognizes
the fact that the ever-increasing sophistication of technical systems within or under the
influence of the Earth's space environment requires a forum where engineers, systems 
designers, scientists, and managers can obtain the latest information and discuss new 
developments," Lanzerotti said.

Peer-reviewed articles will present the latest engineering and science research in the field,
including studies of the response of technical systems to specific space weather events, 
predictions of detrimental space weather impacts, and effects of natural radiation on 
aerospace systems. News and feature articles will provide up-to-date coverage of 
government agency initiatives worldwide and space weather activities of the commercial
sector. The editor will be assisted by a distinguished Board of Advisors.

Space Weather will be published as an online AGU journal. A quarterly magazine digest 
will also be published and distributed free of charge to space weather professionals.

Lanzerotti recently served as chair of the National Research Council's Decadal Survey 
Committee on Solar and Space Physics and also serves on the Governing Board of the 
American Institute of Physics. He is the author or co-author of more than 500 publications, 
many related to the effects of space weather on communications.

AGU has received a grant from the National Science Foundation's Division of Atmospheric 
Sciences to help support the launch of Space Weather.

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3. Space Weather at UK National Astronomy Meeting (NAM), Dublin
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From: Peter Cargill 

The UK National Astronomy meeting (held jointly with the UK solar physics meeting) will 
occur in Dublin between April 7 and 11. As part of this meeting there is a session on Space 
Weather. We are soliciting oral and poster contributions for this session on all aspects 
of space weather. Please submit an abstract at the NAM website 
( http://star.arm.ac.uk/nam2003/). Although the deadline is shown as Jan 31, this has in 
fact been extended.

Please direct any questions to the session convenor,
Peter Cargill 

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4. Space Weather Week 2003 - Second Announcement  (Conference scheduled 
   for May 19-22, 2003)
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From: Terry Onsager 

The 2002 Space Weather Week conference will be held this spring on May 19-22, 2003
in Boulder, Colorado.  This meeting will focus on the recent solar and geomagnetic activity,
and will cover the specific space weather impacts and our scientific understanding of this 
activity.   The conference program will highlight recent space weather impacts in several
areas of the environment, including ionospheric disturbances, satellite drag, auroral currents, 
geomagnetic storms and their solar drivers, radiation belts, and solar energetic particles.  
We anticipate that representatives from industries impacted by space weather will attend, 
including those from electric power, commercial airlines, satellite operations, and navigation/
communications. Space Weather Week 2003 is co-organized by the NOAA Space 
Environment Center, the Air Force Research Laboratory, the NSF Division of Atmospheric 
Science, and the NASA Sun-Earth Connection Program.  Note that limited travel support is
available for student participation.  Check our web site for more
details: http://www.sec.noaa.gov/sww.

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5.  Second Circular for the Chapman Conference Physics and Modelling of the Inner
     Magnetosphere, Finland, August 25-29, 2003
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From: Tuija Pulkkinen 

Convenors: Tuija I. Pulkkinen and Nikolai A. Tsyganenko

CONFERENCE FOCUS
The conference will be focused on modeling and observations of the inner magnetosphere, which
is a key region in the near-Earth space both from scientific and practical viewpoints. Scientifically, 
the challenges involve understanding particle acceleration and dynamics in a multi-component
plasma under highly variable electromagnetic fields, especially during space storms. On the 
practical side, prediction of these space storms and their effects is one of the most important
tasks of space weather studies, as it is the energetic particles associated with these storms that
cause the largest damages to commercial and other spacecraft residing in this region.

The meeting aims to gather scientists in this field to an informal meeting where scheduled talks
are followed by ample time for discussion and hands-on comparisons of model predictions and
observations. Several storms have already been identified by various groups for study, these 
include May 15 1997, Mar 10 1998, May 2-4 1998, June 26 1998, Sep 25 1998, Oct 19 1998, 
Apr 6 2000, July 15 2000, Oct 4 2000, Mar 31 2001, Nov 6 2001, Apr 17 2002.
Specific focus will be placed on the analysis and comparison of results of these storms.

SCIENTIFIC PROGRAM
The scientific program will be divided into five sessions:

1. External driving of the inner magnetosphere dynamics
2. Sources and losses of inner magnetosphere particle populations
3. Energetic particle acceleration mechanisms
4. Observational specification of the inner magnetosphere state
5. Large-scale models of the inner magnetosphere

The meeting will consist of both oral and poster presentations.
Invited speakers include D. Baker, J. Borovsky, N. Ganushkina, M. Hudson,
V. Jordanova, H. Koskinen, M. Kubyshkina, M. Liemohn, and R. McPherron.

The program committee of the meeting consists of Tuija Pulkkinen (chair),
Joe Borovsky, Ioannis Daglis, Toshihiko Iyemori, Janet Kozyra, Joe Lemaire,
Xinlin Li, Rumi Nakamura, Victor Sergeev, and Nikolai Tsyganenko.

The local organizing committee is
Tuija Pulkkinen, chair 
Nataly Ganushkina
Lasse Hakkinen
Eija Tanskanen
Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland

ABSTRACTS
Deadline for abstract submission is May 28, 2003.
Abstract submission will be done through AGU.

VENUE
The conference will be held in the House of the Estates in downtown Helsinki.
Deadline for registration and for hotel booking is July 9, 2003.
Registrations and hotel bookings will be done through AGU.
Deadline for travel support applications is May 28, 2003.
Travel support is intended especially for young scientists and students.
Internet/computer access will be provided during the poster sessions
for presentation of the results.

More information on the conference can be found at
http://www.geo.fmi.fi/chapman03/ and
at the AGU pages http://www.agu.org/meetings/meetings.html
Practical information on abstract submission and registration
will follow shortly.

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6. ESA ITT:  Radiation Exposure and Mission Strategies for Interplanetary
   Manned Missions
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From: Petteri Nieminen 

ESA's new Aurora programme (http://www.esa.int/export/esaMI/Aurora/) aims at establishing 
a roadmap for European space exploration in the 25-30 years' timeframe. The recently released 
ESA ITT "Radiation Exposure and Mission Strategies for Interplanetary Manned Missions" is a 
part of this effort. 

The term "interplanetary" is here understood to include the ultimate objective of Mars, but also
intermediate steps to the Moon and elsewhere, as required in the programme. To protect crew, 
shielding must be designed, the environment must be anticipated and monitored, and a warning 
system must be put in place. Because of the strong influence on the mission design and the 
vehicle/habitat designs, an early study must be made.

This acitivity will hence consist of:

- A detailed investigation of environments and effects in example scenarios and designs;
- Specification of the environments and a review of the hazards and their sources; 
- Analysis of shielding and secondary radiation production processes considering geometries, 
   materials and the radiation sources;
- Design of the necessary shielding in various scenarios and identification of effects, particularly 
   for examples of the vehicle and surface habitat designs;
- Definitions of the requirements for improved environment, shielding and effects tools.

More information on this ITT is available at the EMITS system, 
http://emits.esa.int, under AO4330.

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7. Post Doc Position: Particle-in-Cell Simulation of Sprite Ignition at Danish Space Research
    Institute
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From: Torsten Neubert 

The Research Training Network "Coupling of Atmospheric Layers", sponsored by the European
Commission, invites applications for a postdoctoral position in Particle-in-Cell (PIC) simulations 
of sprite ignition. The network will study the newly discovered electrical discharges in the 
stratosphere and mesosphere above severe thunderstorms, the so-called "red sprites" and
"blue jets". Studies will focus on aspects of sprites and jets that are important for understanding 
the impact of these high-altitude discharges on the atmosphere. Fundamental unanswered questions 
concern the sprite discharge process. The energetics of the electrons carrying the process is not 
well known and the threshold electric fields required for driving the process is rather high according 
some theories. Sprites contain significant fine-structure. The image on the right shows pearls and 
hooks of diameter down to a few tenís of meters. It is possible that the fin-structure contains the
key to the discharge process. It is also possible that the fine-structure of the mesosphere, of which 
very little is known, plays a role in locally enhancing fields that ignite the discharge. PIC simulation
codes could be suitable for simulating the small-scale structure during the ignition process. DSRI 
has 1-,2-, and 3-D electromagnetic codes (TRISTAN), that must be modified to include collisional 
ionisation. We are interested in a candidate with a background in PIC and in electricaln discharges, 
or with some knowledge of these fields. The position is for up to three years starting at the earliest
on February 1, 2003. The applicants must be: (1) a national of a state other than the state of the 
host institution (Denmark), (2) a national of an EU member state or associated state (or having 
resided in the Community for the last 5 years prior to the appointment), (3) aged 35 years or less.
See http://www.cordis.lu/improving/networks/faq.htm#q5 for the finer details of employment 
conditions and other questions related to Research Training Networks. The CAL network 
project web page is at  http://www.dsri.dk/cal. Applications should be directed to the network 
co-ordinator: Torsten Neubert, Danish Space Research Institute, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 
2100 Copenhagen, Denmark;  http://www.dsri.dk/~neubert.

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8. Some ESA Tender Actions from ESA EMITS 
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 AO4136 MATERIAL CHARACTERISATION FOR PLASMA INTERACTION ANALYSIS
 (From 15/01/2003 to 15/03/2003, Act.Ref.: 01.1QM.01) 

AO4330 RADIATION EXPOSURE AND MISSION STRATEGIES FOR INTERPLANETARY 
 MANNED MISSION
 (From 27/01/2003 to 14/03/2003, Act.Ref.: 02.1EM.05) 

For a complete list of ESA Tender Actions, see:
  http://emits.esa.int

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Note: This newsletter is an initiative of the ESA Space Environments
and Effects Analysis Section ( http://www.estec.esa.nl/wmwww/wma) and
is a prototype mailing list intended to provide a forum for information
posting news of interest to the Space Weather community in Europe.

- SWEN contact group (keeping SWEN informed of news from other channels)
  is currently:

  Eamonn Daly, ESA (excluding science programme)
  Richard Marsden, ESA science programme
  Maurizio Candidi, CNR
  Paul Cannon, URSI-Commission G
  Mike Hapgood,  EGS
  Hannu Koskinen, SCOSTEP working group on Space weather
  Pierre Lantos, Observatory of Paris Meudon
  Henrik Lundstedt, Lund space weather center
  Goetz Paschmann, ISSI
  Jean-Yves Prado, CNES Programme Directorate
  Michael Rycroft, ISU
  Volker Bothmer, EGS-Solar Physics Secretary
  Wolfgang Baumjohann, IWF Graz, Austria
  Jinbin Cao, Chinese Space Weather Activity Representative
  Barbara Poppe, NOAA Space Environment Centre
  William Liu, Canadian Space Agency.

- SWEN archives are currently available on:

http://www.estec.esa.nl/wmwww/wma/spweather/SWEN/swen.html

http://www.lund.irf.se/HeliosHome/SWEN/spweuro.html
 

- Replies and submissions to this newsletter are welcomed and should be
  sent to:

  #swen@esa.int

- To subscribe to the newsletter send your email address
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- Please update your e-mail address in the event of a change.
  Please send both your new and old e-mail address to the editor
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- We look forward to receiving your input.

  SWEN editor:

  Alexi Glover

  Co-Editor:

  Nadine Hoffmann

  SWEN manager:

  Alain Hilgers
===============
#swen@esa.int
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