Space Weather Euro News Vol.3 Issue 12 (17-08-1999)

Table of Contents:
  1. Space Weather Research in China and Introduction of CSSAR
  2. ESA Internal Research Fellowships
  3. Vacancy notice for Cluster II deputy Project Scientist
  4. Free-Flying Micro Observer (FFMO) Mini-Workshop - Announcement
  5. Some ESA Tender Actions
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1. Space Weather Research in China and Introduction of CSSAR

From: J. Cao E-mail: 

1. Space Weather Research in China The most important programs in china, which are space weather related, are Meridian project and SMMS mission:

(1) Meridian Project
Meridian Project is a mission to establish an observatory chain with ground-based multi-instruments for the Solar-Terrestrial environment observations. The station chain, which starts from Mohe, the northwest station via Beijing, Wuhan, to Hainan and towards Zhongshan Station in the Antarctic along the 120 E meridian, is named the meridian chain.   

(2) SMMS mission
The orbit of the SMMS satellite is a polar sun-synchronous orbit (H=800 km).  Focused on the severe near-earth environmental problems, such as the geospace storms and ozone depletion, the main scientific goal of the SMMS is to study the response of the near-earth environment to the solar activity and interplanetary disturbance.       The principal scientific objectives of SMMS mission are listed below:  * To investigate the magnetospheic disturbances triggered by the solar activity and interplanetary disturbance by measuring the precipitating particles and aurora. * To investigate the response of the global structure of ionic and neutral atmosphere and the ozone to the solar activity and magnetospheric disturbances. SMMS mission will help us elucidate some fundamental physics process in the sun-earth connection, advance the understanding of the physical and chemical coupling mechanism between magnetosphere, ionosphere and atmosphere.

2. Introduction of Center for Space Science and Applied Research/ Chinese Academy of Science

(1) CSSAR began the exploration and research of space environment in 1960s. After thirty years' research, important achievements have been made in the areas of space environment, effect analysis, and the development of space environment detectors. Some important parameters of space environment are obtained, such as high energy charged particles (electrons, protons and heavy ions), single event upset, radiation dose, space plasma, surface charging, deep dielectric charging, upper atmosphere density and components, solar electromagnetic radiation and etc.

(2) In 1971, CSSAR launched Practice-1 (Shijian-1), the first satellite for the exploration and research of space environment

(3) In 1990, Chinese sun-synchronous meteorological satellite FengYun-1B was launched successfully. The cosmic rays detectors (made in CSSAR) on board detected the heavy ion components of C, N, O, and Fe of the radiation belt, and anomalous components of cosmic rays C, N, O, and Fe. A lot of data of high energy charged particle in the south Atlantic magnetic anomaly region and solar proton event were obtained.

(4) In 1994, Chinese Practice-4 (Shijian-4) was launched, which aimed at the investigation of the space environment and effect analysis. Almost all payloads are made in CSSAR. There were high energy proton and heavy ion spectrometer, high energy electron spectrometer, electrostatic analyzer, surface potential monitor, SEE monitors and other payloads on board Practice-4. A large number of data about inner and outer radiation belts were obtained. Practice-4 observed magnetospheric storms and substorms, solar proton events. The satellite surface potential reached -2400 V. Single event upset rates were observed to be 3.4 errors/Mbit-day and Single event latchup rates 1/month.

(5) In 1997, China launched the meteorological satellite FengYun-2.The X-rays detector and particle detector (made in CSSAR) on board comprised the warning and monitoring system of solar proton event. On November 4th and 6th of 1997, Solar X-ray detector successfully gave the warning of the solar proton event several hours ahead of time. The particle detectors soon detected the solar high energy particle fluxes.

(6) In 1999, Practice-5 was succesfully launched. By means of the payloads on the Practice-5, Scientists in CSSAR monitored the distribution of single event effect on the low earth orbit and studied possible protection method. 

2. ESA Internal Research Fellowships

From: E. Daly E-mail:

The ESA Space Environments and Effects Analysis Section is interested to receive proposals from individuals for ESA internal research fellowships in the space environments and effects area. ESA internal research fellowships are available for nationals from ESA member states only. Interested individuals should send a CV and a brief draft proposal of a research activity to be undertaken while at ESTEC in the Space Environments and Effects section to E. Daly at the above e-mail address. The fellowships are of one year duration, sometimes renewable for a second year.

3. Vacancy notice for Cluster II deputy Project Scientist

From: P. Escoubet |contact personnel department for further information|

Dear Colleagues,

I am glad to announce that I am taking officially Rudi Schmidt' position as Cluster II project scientist.

Following this, a position is now opened as Cluster II deputy Project Scientist (see announcement attached).

Please circulate the information to who might be interested.

The deadline for reception of the application is 9 September.

Best regards,

Vacancy in the Directorate of the Scientific Programme
This post is open to suitably qualified men and women

Physicist to support the Cluster II Project Scientist, Solar System Division, Space Science Department, Directorate of the Scientific Programme. This post* is classified in the A2/A4 grade band of the Coordinated Organisations= salary scale. 

ESTEC, Noordwijk (the Netherlands).

The four-spacecraft Cluster II mission is one of the two elements of  ESA's Solar-Terrestrial Science Programme. It is a cooperative project  with NASA. Cluster II will study in three dimensions small-scales  plasma processes in the near-Earth environment. Each spacecraft carries  eleven instruments that will measure fields and particules in key region  of geospace. The four spacecraft will be launched in pairs by two Soyuz  rockets in June and July 2000. The in-orbit operations will extend over  2 years. Cluster will be operated from the European Space Operations  Centre (ESOC) in Darmstadt. The central point of scientific coordination  of the payload will be the Joint Science Operations Centre (JSOC) at the  Rutherford-Appleton Laboratory in the UK. JSOC will be part of the Cluster II  Science Data System (CSDS) which is constituted of eight interconnected national  data centres in Europe, the United States and China. 

The Cluster II Project Scientist is responsible for ensuring that the  mission be implemented and operated such that it achieves all its  scientific objectives. 

The holder of the post will report to the Project Scientist and assist him in all scientific and technical aspects during the implementation and operational phase of the Cluster II mission. 

Specifically he will update the Payload Commissioning Plan, and assist  in coordinating experiment operations and data handling. This will occur in  close cooperation with JSOC, the CSDS and ESOC. Throughout the operational  phase he will also support the longer-term science planning in close  collaboration with the instrument teams and the implementation of collaborations  with other international space missions (e.g. SOHO, NASA Solar Maximum Programme), ground-based observatories and other Cluster II related activities.

Specific attention is expected towards the communication of results for a scientific as well as a wider audience, and the initiation and coordination of public outreach activities. 

In the post-operational phase the holder will support the preparation of  the final mission data set. 

The holder of the post will be required to devote part of the time to  perform scientific research, preferably in connection with instrumentation  developed by Space Science Department. 

Applicants should have a Ph.D. or equivalent university degree in physics and relevant experience in space plasma physics. Experience in computer applications under Windows (MS Access, MS Project) and Unix (IDL) is required. A good knowledge of English or French is required; in view of the interfaces with JSOC and NASA, a working knowledge of English is highly desirable. 

Applications for this post should reach the Head of Personnel, ESTEC,  Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ Noordwijk ZH (the Netherlands), not later than 9 September 1999.

* Supernumerary post

Under ESA Regulations, the age limit for recruitment is 55. Please note that applications are only considered from nationals of one of the following States: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom and Canada.

Recruitment will normally be at the first grade in the band (A2); however, if the candidate selected has little or no experience, the post may be filled at A1 level.

4. Free-Flying Micro Observer (FFMO) Mini-Workshop - Announcement

From: E. Daly E-mail:

FFMO is a proposed micro satellite for the International Space Station.

The objective of the project is to design, manufacture, integrate and test a complete Free Flying Micro Observer consisting of a nano satellite (as defined by the MICROS concept) and related payload instruments: a Material Degradation Package (Microscope, Spectrometer), an a Environment Monitoring Package (contamination sensor, plasma detector, radiation monitor, high resolution camera). A workshop will be help on 23 September at ESTEC. See: for details.

5. Some ESA Tender Actions

From: N. Crosby E-mail:

(Open from 12/08/1999 to 07/10/1999, Act.Ref.: 99.136.02) 
(Open from 07/07/1999 to 01/10/1999, Act.Ref.: 99.1JP.04)
(Open from 02/07/1999 to 23/09/1999, Act.Ref.: 99.1WM.02)

For more information and the complete list of ESA Tender Actions please look at:

Note: This newsletter is an initiative of the ESA Space Systems Environment Analysis Section and is intended to establish a prototype of a potential mailing list or forum with news of interest for the Space Weather community in Europe.

- SWEN contact group (which keeps SWEN informed of news coming from   other channels)is currently:

  • Eamonn Daly, ESA (excluding science programme)
  • Richard Marsden, ESA science programme
  • Maurizio Candidi, CNR 
  • Paul Cannon, URSI-Commission G 
  • Mike Hapgood,  EGS
  • Hannu Koskinen, SCOSTEP working group on Space weather
  • Pierre Lantos, ISES
  • Henrik Lundstedt, Lund space weather center
  • Goetz Paschmann, ISSI
  • Jean-Yves Prado, CNES-ONERA working group on space weather
  • Michael Rycroft, ISU 
  • Volker Bothmer, EGS-Solar Physics Secretary
  • Wolfgang Baumjohann, MPE-German Representative

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The SWEN editor

Alain Hilgers



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